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Category: Equine Health

Snotty Nose? CTs are a game changer for dental and sinus diagnostics

with James A. Brown, BVSc, MS, Diplomate ACT, Diplomate ACVS, Clinical Assistant Professor of Equine Surgery Nasal discharge in horses can be both alarming and frustrating. Pus coming from both nostrils can indicate guttural pouch or lower airway infection, whereas smelly pus coming from one nostril is commonly associated with sinusitis and dental infection related sinusitis. It is important to have a veterinarian exam the horse quickly to determine the cause and to insure there is not a contagious situation such as strangles, which can impact an entire barn. During the exam, a veterinarian will do a palpation of the head for swelling, an oral exam and perhaps an upper airway endoscopy. The vet may also assess the surface of the teeth for abnormalities such as fractures, caries of the infundibulum, and open pulp chambers, which can be accompanied by infection. Despite a thorough exam, sometimes the reason for sinusitis may not be evident and imaging of the head will be the most expeditious means for accurate diagnosis. The complex nature of the horse’s sinus compartments, combined with opacity (whiteness) from fluid, often make radiographs difficult to interpret. Without a diagnosis, horses are often treated with antibiotics and lavage of the sinus compartments. Resolution of symptoms sometimes occurs but in many cases, after treatment is discontinued the problem returns, which can be frustrating. For such horses with sinusitis or...

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MHC Awarded Grant to Launch new Maryland Equine Transition Service

Maryland Horse Council Awarded Grant to Launch the Maryland Equine Transition Service Innovative Safety-Net Solution For Maryland Horses from the Maryland Horse Council The Maryland Horse Council (MHC) announced receipt on January 30 of a $750,000 grant to launch a first-in-the-nation project to facilitate the responsible transition of horses whose owners are no longer able to care for them. MHC was the first state horse council in the country to support a federal ban on export of horses for human consumption, and its members from every sector of the horse industry came together to develop an alternative. The program...

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Laurel Park Quarantine Lifted

The Maryland Jockey Club announced on January 23 that the quarantine on Barn 20 was lifted after the second test on English Tudor came back negative for Equine Herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1). English Tudor had tested positive on January 19 and the Laurel Park barn were he had been stabled was put under restrictions. All restrictions have been lifted allowing horses in that barn to train and race. In addition, the self-imposed quarantine at the University of Pennsylvania New Bolton Center has also been...

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Laurel Park Barn Placed Under Restrictions

On Saturday, January 20, the Maryland Jockey Club released a statement stating that some restrictions on shipping in-and-out of Laurel Park have been put in place. According to MJC, Sal Sinatra, President and General Manager of the Maryland Jockey Club, said that a horse who shipped to Laurel had tested positive for the EHV-1 virus. The horse has been removed from the grounds but the barn he was stabled in has been placed under quarantine. The horse will be tested off property again Tuesday. If the horse tests negative restrictions will be lifted immediately. If he tests positive again, the restrictions will remain in place until January 30. “We’re asking horsemen in other states and at training centers to check their policies before entering,” Sinatra said. Later that day, the Maryland Thoroughbred Horsemen’s Association posted the following statement: Barn 20 at Laurel Park was placed under quarantine by the Maryland Department of Agriculture Jan. 19 after a horse tested positive for equine herpesvirus-1. The horse, English Tudor, was removed from the grounds, according to Maryland Jockey Club President Sal Sinatra, and biosecurity measures have been put in place. English Tudor—trained by Anthony Aguirre, who recently got him from King Leatherbury—was tested because of a recent visit to the University of Pennsylvania New Bolton Center, where he was gelded. The test was precautionary because New Bolton recently ordered a quarantine...

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Baltimore County Horse Tests Positive for Equine Herpes Virus

This afternoon, Thursday, January 18, 2018, the Maryland Department of Agriculture announced that a Baltimore County horse  was euthanized at the University of Pennsylvania’s New Bolton Center on Tuesday, January 16 after testing positive for Equine Herpes Virus (EHV-1). The horse was originally transported to the facility for an unrelated medical issue. The horse began displaying neurological symptoms on January 14. According to MDA, the Baltimore County farm of origin is presently under a 21-day investigational hold and strict biosecurity measures are in place while Maryland Department of Agriculture inspectors perform additional epidemiological and infectious disease testing. The Maryland and Pennsylvania Departments of Agriculture are working with the University of Pennsylvania to establish and notify epidemiologic links to the sick horse. Owners are cautioned to monitor horses at their premises carefully, and should contact their private veterinarians to arrange for Equine Herpes Virus testing if a horse exhibits significant temperature elevations or neurologic signs. Veterinarians are required to report equine neurologic syndrome to the...

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Have you heard about the latest advances in regenerative medicine therapy?

with Jennifer G. Barrett, DVM, PhD, Diplomate ACVS, Diplomate ACVSMR, Theodora Ayer Randolph Professor of Equine Surgery, World Expert in Regenerative Medicine Since discovery of stem cells in the 1950’s, unexpected advances have been made. Adult stem cells (including bone marrow, adipose, umbilical cord blood and others) function as a pool of resting cells that are capable of fighting inflammation, assisting in healing, and forming new tissue. Contrary to previous theory that only bone marrow could be a source of stem cells, almost every tissue has a storehouse of stem cells in it. Currently, adult stem cells are being used to...

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