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Category: Horse Health Archives

What is EIA?

As news of a Montgomery County horse testing positive for EIA has been circulating this week, a lot of Equiery readers have been posting questions as to what the virus is, how a horse becomes infected and how they may or may not be treated. We hope we are able to answer a few of your questions here. Please note, as of this morning (July 13), the case in Montgomery County is still under investigation and no new information has been released from the Maryland Department of Agriculture. All neighboring farms have been notified by MDA and the case farm will remain in quarantine until the 60-day hold period is lifted, as long as no other horses on the farm test positive during the hold period. The horse infected was euthanized earlier this week. In addition, according to Jason Schellhardt of the MDA Public Health Office, the origin of the virus in the infected horse is under investigation. “This virus is very rare for our area and is more common along the Gulf Coast. We are currently investigating where the horse could have been infected.” Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) is a blood borne virus, typically transferred by biting flies or infected needles that effects horses, donkeys and mules. EIA is closely related to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), but is not known to effect human health. The disease is...

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Maryland Law: The Minimum Standards of Care for Equines

Title 10, Subtitle 604 Maryland State Law, Article 27, Section 59 requires that any person having the charge or custody of an animal must provide: “nutritious food in sufficient quantity” “necessary veterinary care” “proper drink” “air” “space” “shelter” or “protection from the weather” The Maryland Horse Council provides the following definitions of these legal terms as the terms apply to the care of horses in the state of Maryland. The Maryland Horse Council considers these guidelines to be the minimum base of care necessary for horses as defined by the equestrian community in Maryland. “nutritious food in sufficient quantity” Nutritious food is defined as wholesome, palatable and free from contamination, such as feces, mold, mildew, insects, etc. Food shall be provided in sufficient quantity and be of adequate and appropriate nutritive value. Diet shall be prepared with consideration for the age, breed/type, condition, size, work level and quantity of equine(s). Equines should score, by a veterinarian, no less than a body condition score 3 on the Henneke Condition Scoring Chart to be considered of adequate weight. Equines shall have access to adequate natural forage or be fed daily or as recommended by a veterinarian. All storage and feeding receptacles shall be kept clean and free from contaminants, such as feces, mold, mildew, insects, etc. If more than one animal is fed at one time or in one place, it...

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